History of Dohany Street Synagogue
Dohany Street Synagogue (Dohány utcai zsinagóga/nagy zsinagóga) in Budapest is not only an extremely beautiful building in the Moorish style, but it is also the largest synagogue in Europe. It is known under the name of the Great Synagogue or Tabakgasse Synagogue, too. It is built between 1854 and 1859. During the World War II the building was used as a base for a German radio and as a stable. It was damaged from aerial raids during the Siege of Budapest.
The Heroes’ Temple and the Jewish museum together with the Great Synagogue are part of the Dohány Street Synagogue complex. A Jewish cemetery and a holocaust memorial are located in the back yard of the Heroes’ Temple. In the cemetery over two thousands Jews, who died from cold and hunger during 1944-1945, are buried. The Memorial of the Hungarian Jewish Martyrs is an eternal remembrance for these tens of thousands Hungarian Jews, who were brutally murdered during the Nazi regime. The memorial represents a steel weeping willow with names of the victims engraved on the leaves. There are also blank leaves dedicated to the unknown Jews, who died in World War II.
Tips for visiting Dohany Street Synagogue
Inside the synagogue men have to wear a small skullcap, which will be received at the entrance.
Address: 1074 Budapest, Dohány u.2.
Access: Metro station Astoria – line M2
From November to February:
From Sunday to Thursday: 10:00 AM – 04:00 PM
Friday: 10:00 AM – 02:00 PM
From March to October:
From Sunday to Thursday: 10:00 AM – 06:00 PM
Friday: 10:00 AM – 03:30 PM
Admission: not free
Web site: http://www.dohanystreetsynagogue.hu/
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Don’t miss to visit also St. Stephen’s Basilica, which is the most stunning church in Budapest.