History of Notre Dame Cathedral
Notre Dame Cathedral (Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris) is one of the masterpieces of the Gothic architecture. It is located on the Île de la Cité in Paris. The construction of the cathedral began in 1163 on the site of an old Roman temple dedicated to Jupiter. It took a long time (almost 200 years) this masterpiece to be completely finished in 1345.
In 1793, during the French Revolution, many of the treasures of the cathedral were destroyed. The building itself was used as a warehouse for food storage. The Second World War caused even more damage and several of the stained glass windows were demolished. Many restoration programs took place during the centuries to preserve and enlarge the beauty of the cathedral.
Some of the treasures of the Notre Dame Cathedral are the purported Crown of Thorns, a fragment of the True Cross and one of the Holy Nails. The cathedral is known for its gargoyles, which were designed for water run-off. A stunning view of Paris and the gargoyles is revealed if you climb the South Tower (69 meter tall). The tower also houses the largest bell named Emmanuel, which weighs over 13 tons and dates from 1681.
Tips for visiting Notre Dame Cathedral
If you want to visit the South Tower go before its opening time, because the waiting line will be huge later. The entrance to the tower is located outside of the cathedral on Rue du Cloître Notre-Dame.
Address: 6 Parvis Notre-Dame, Place Jean-Paul II, 75004 Paris
Access: Metro station Cité – line 4
Opening hours: Every day: 08:00 AM – 06:45 PM (07:15 PM on Saturdays and Sundays)
Towers: More information
Web site: http://www.notredamedeparis.fr/
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