History of the Castel Sant’Angelo
Castel Sant’Angelo (Castle of the Holy Angel) is one of my favourite sites in Rome. It is not only because of the beautiful views over Rome from there or its interesting history. It just makes me feel peaceful.
The castle is on the bank of the Tiber, near to the Vatican City. Its purpose has changed several times over the centuries.
Castel Sant’Angelo was built by the Roman emperor Hadrian to serve as a mausoleum for his family. The construction started in 123 AD. The building was finished in 139 AD, a year after the death of Hadrian, by his successor Antoninus Pius.
The mausoleum represented cylinder, decorated with a garden on the top and a statue of the emperor Hadrian, riding a quadriga. The quadriga is a chariot drawn by four horses. The mausoleum was connected to the city by a new bridge called the Pons Aelius (Aelian Bridge). It is known as Ponte Sant’Angelo (Bridge of the Holy Angel) nowadays.
During its reign the emperor Aurelian transformed the mausoleum into a military fortress. He also incorporated it in the city walls. The purpose of the fortress was to defend the northern entrance of Rome.
In the 13th century a covered fortified corridor (called Passetto di Borgo) was constructed. The corridor connects the Vatican City and the castle. The corridor can be seen on Google maps, it is located on the north side of the Via dei Corridori.
From the beginning of 14th century the papacy took the control of the fortress and converted it to a castle. Papal apartments were built to ensure a comfort stay in case of a siege.
Castel Sant’Angelo was also used as a prison. Many executions took place in its inner courtyards. This castle was the place where Benvenuto Cellini, Cagliostro and Giordano Bruno were imprisoned before their executions.
Nowadays the castle is a museum. It represents various exhibits, including Renaissance paintings, military weapons, furnishings and sculptures.
The castle took its name from the large statue of Archangel Michael, situated on the top of the building. According to the legends, Rome was struck by a plague in 590 AD that ended with the apparition of the Archangel Michael above the mausoleum.
Go to the terrace on the top of the museum, the views over Rome are splendid.
The castle has seven levels (you can find a detailed map here):
Level 1 – from this level the winding ramp of the Roman construction starts.
Level 2 – the tombs are located on this level.
Level 3 – here you will find the prison cells and the warehouses for cereals and oil.
Level 4 – is the military floor and there are two big courtyards.
Levels 5 and 6 – the papal apartments.
Level 7 – is the top floor with the huge terrace overlooking Rome and the statue of Archangel Michael.
Tips for visiting Castel Sant’Angelo
- To get the most beautiful view of the castle, approach it from the Ponte Sant’Angelo.
- Admission is free on the first Sunday of each month.
- The audio guide is helpful and it’s worth the price.
- You don’t need to buy tickets in advance.
Address: Lungotevere Castello, 50 – 00193 Roma
Access: Metro station Ottaviano or Lepanto – line A
From Tuesday to Sunday: 09:00 AM – 07:30 PM
Admission: 10,50 €
Web site: http://castelsantangelo.beniculturali.it/
If you are hungry after all this walking, check out one of the best restaurants near Castel Sant’Angelo – La Fraschetta di Castel Sant’Angelo.